COVID-19 Federal Update 4-3-2020

April 3, 2020

SBA Loans Guidance


Treasury Issues Guidelines, Application Form for SBA Paycheck Protection Program – SEE ATTACHMENTS

The Treasury Department Tuesday issued much-anticipated guidance for the Paycheck Protection Program, which starting this week will provide up to $350 billion in fully forgivable loans to help small businesses maintain payrolls during the coronavirus pandemic. The loans are fully guaranteed by the Small Business Administration, but the SBA will waive all SBA guaranty fees. PPP loans are made for two years at a 0.5% fixed rate with payments deferred for six months.


Coronavirus Stimulus Money

Stimulus Watchdogs Face Immense Task: The federal watchdog that will oversee thousands of small-business rescue loans worth roughly $350 billion will have to ramp up in a hurry: Last year, it investigated only eight such loans.

“To say the amount of money that’s going out is large, that’s kind of an understatement,” said Hannibal “Mike” Ware, the inspector general of the Small Business Administration, which is scheduled to open the spigot on the small-business bailout today.

The $2.2 trillion stimulus bill that Congress adopted last month will give Ware’s office $25 million – more than double its annual budget – to beef up its auditing and investigative capacities over the next four years. Overall, the legislation also establishes a $500 billion bailout fund for large businesses and expands unemployment benefits. To police that spending, it creates layers of oversight that would be paid for with more than $155 million in new funding.

In racing to craft the legislation while building in ways to protect taxpayers, lawmakers borrowed heavily from protections that were put in place for federal bailouts in 2008 and 2009. Already, though, some question whether the bill’s oversight provisions will work in harmony – and whether the watchdogs’ funding will be robust enough.

“Hopefully, they’ll get more,” said Neil Barofsky, a former federal prosecutor who served as the first special inspector general for the Troubled Asset Relief Program. Barofsky’s office, called SIGTARP, received $50 million in seed money in 2008 to examine $435 billion in spending – most of it loans to banks and financial institutions that were concentrated in New York City.

This time around, the big-business bailout provisions will provide as much as $500 billion in loans from the U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve – and create a new inspector general to oversee them, with start-up funds of just $25 million. Barofsky noted that this new office, called the Special Inspector General for Pandemic Recovery, will have a nationwide purview. That will require a large travel budget and expertise in an array of industries, not just the financial knowledge that SIGTARP’s employees had to have.

“The organization cannot succeed with $25 million,” he said. Read more from Jason Grotto and Todd Shields


N.Y. to Get as Much as $3.8B for Transit: New York state’s transit systems will receive as much as $3.8 billion from the federal government to pay for coronavirus-related expenses, the largest grant offered from the Federal Transit Administration. Neighbor New Jersey will receive the second-largest grant at $1.5 billion. Urban areas are getting $22.7 billion, while $2.2 billion has been set aside for rural areas.

Transit agencies will need to submit copies of their coronavirus expenses to the agency, which will reimburse them up to a capped amount. Agencies can keep submitting receipts for reimbursement until the $25 billion dries up. The FTA has released each area’s capped amount and general application instructions.


Transit’s Next Challenges: The next hurdle for transit agencies will be the decline in sales tax revenue, transit advocates said. People are less likely to spend money and pay sales tax in a weakened economy, hurting transit systems that rely on those fees to pay their bills. The decline in both fare and sales tax revenue can be especially detrimental.

“We’re taking, in some respects, a hit on two fronts,” said Rob Gannon, general manager of the King County Metro in Washington state.


Southwest’s Quest for Government Aid: Southwest Airlines said it would apply for federal aid, becoming the second U.S. carrier to confirm it will seek assistance as the new coronavirus batters travel demand, Mary Schlangenstein reports.

The discount airline will file an application “to discuss the specific details regarding possible grants” to boost liquidity and provide staff job security, according to a U.S. regulatory filing yesterday. The carrier joins American Airlines, which has said it would apply for as much as $12 billion in aid. Southwest didn’t say how much it would seek.

American Airlines also said yesterday it will slash its international flight schedule as far out as August as the coronavirus batters travel demand through the normally busy summer season, Schlangenstein reports.

Meanwhile, Boeing said in a statement last night it’s suspending production operations at its facilities in Ridley Township, Pa., for two weeks amid the coronavirus outbreak. The facility manufactures military rotorcraft including H-47 Chinook, V-22 Osprey and MH-139A Grey Wolf. Read more from Derek Wallbank.


Ford Wants Cash for Clunkers-Like Stimulus: Ford would like the U.S. government to sponsor an automotive stimulus program to help the industry get back on its feet after the coronavirus crisis abates.

“We think some level of stimulus somewhere on the other side of this would help not only the auto industry and our dealers, which are a huge part of our overall economy, but will help the customers as well,” Mark LaNeve, Ford’s vice president of U.S. marketing, sales and service, said in a phone interview. “We’re in discussions about what would be the most appropriate.”

Those discussions are internal at Ford for now, but are eventually expected to involve the federal government, LaNeve said. Keith Naughton breaks down the company’s business outlook.



Coronavirus Relief Package #4 Discussions

Surface, Virus Aid Talks Accelerating: House Democrats and the White House are stepping up negotiations on paying for a surface reauthorization bill, Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said yesterday.  She said talks between Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and Ways and Means Chairman Richard Neal (D-Mass.) on funding for infrastructure are accelerating, Billy House and Erik Wasson report.  “Whatever communication we need to move forward, that will be happening,” Pelosi said.

House Democrats in January introduced a $760 billion infrastructure plan that covered the road, rail, and transit demands of a highway bill, plus broadband and water.  Pelosi told reporters that she spoke with Mnuchin Wednesday night about implementing last week’s coronavirus stimulus bill (Public Law 116-136) quickly and looking ahead to the next legislation. House Democrats said Wednesday that they want to use that plan as a starting point for a fourth coronavirus bill, and add money to it for community health centers, housing, and schools.


Call to Separate Infrastructure From Virus Aid: House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) told reporters yesterday that he disagrees with Pelosi’s approach to create a fourth bill to respond to the virus. “I’m not opposed to infrastructure,” McCarthy said. “What I am opposed to is trying to restructure government because of this crisis.”  Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) also told the Washington Post on Wednesday that Pelosi’s comments about a phase-four coronavirus response measure were “premature.”

“She needs to stand down on the notion that we’re going to go along with taking advantage of the crisis to do things that are unrelated to the crisis,” McConnell said.  The GOP’s stance against combining infrastructure in the coronavirus stimulus has some support from public policy groups.

“Infrastructure is the kind of thing that I see as a different category,” said Shai Akabas, director of economic policy for the Bipartisan Policy Center. “That doesn’t mean it shouldn’t be considered. But it’s not putting money in the hands of people who A) need it right now, or B) will spend it in the near future.”

Akabas listed other economic priorities for Congress to consider and said lawmakers should think carefully about the long-term fiscal effects of a major infrastructure package.

The trillions of dollars in spending on the coronavirus response will raise difficult questions about the country’s fiscal health when the country has recovered, Akabas said in a phone interview yesterday. It’s not the coronavirus spending that’s the problem, but the fact that it’s on top of the country’s deficit of $1 trillion and rising, he said.

“We could see debt to GDP at 100% by the time we get out of this in the next couple years,” Akabas said.



U.S. Said to Pay for Uninsured Patients: Some of the $100 billion in federal funds earmarked to help hospitals cope with the coronavirus pandemic will cover bills for the uninsured, Vice President Mike Pence said yesterday.

“We don’t want any Americans to worry about the cost of getting a test, the cost of getting treatment,” Pence told reporters yesterday at the White House.

The Trump administration is working on a proposal for the president to direct some of the funds targeted to hospitals to cover expenses for the uninsured. The funds would go directly to the medical facilities, Pence said. Officials expect to have an announcement today. Justin Sink and Mario Parker report.

Around 3.5 million American workers probably lost their employer-provided health insurance policies in the past two weeks as the epidemic triggered an unprecedented wave of layoffs, according to research published yesterday by the Economic Policy Institute.

The “very rough estimate” is based on industry-specific unemployment claims filed in Washington state, which had the earliest U.S. outbreak.

It’s hard to be precise because some laid-off workers will be able to get insurance via Obamacare exchanges or a family member who still has a job, or will qualify for government coverage under Medicaid, the EPI said. On the other hand, the 3.5 million doesn’t include spouses or children of the newly unemployed who may now be without coverage.


States Order Health Insurers to Keep Covering Workers: States including California, Ohio, Colorado, Wisconsin, and Maine are moving to require or encourage insurers to let employers continue covering employees under group policies—even if employees would normally lose eligibility due to layoffs or reduced hours. The move comes after employers have asked health insurers to continue to cover employees forced into furloughs. Read more from Sara Hansard.


Exchange Enrollment Holds Steady for 2020: Meanwhile, about the same number of people enrolled in Obamacare plans for 2020 as in 2019, the Department of Health and Human Services reported late Wednesday, Hansard reports.


Hospitals Press Insurers for Faster Payments: The hospital industry is asking major health insurers to follow Medicare’s lead and allow providers to receive their payments faster or more frequently during the Covid-19 emergency. Doing so would “make a significant difference in whether a hospital or health system keeps their doors open during this critical time,” said Richard Pollack, president and CEO of the American Hospital Association, in an letter Wednesday to insurance industry executives.

But Kristine Grow, a spokesperson with America’s Health Insurance Plans, said in a statement that decisions about payments should be made on a case-by-case basis. “Not every hospital is in need of advance payments, and not every plan is able to make them,” Grow said. Read more from Tony Pugh


What to know

Commerce Schedules “Paper Hearing”: The Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee announced a hearing for April 9 on the use of big data to track and treat the coronavirus outbreak. The “paper hearing” will allow witnesses to answer lawmaker questions remotely with testimony posted online amid social distancing measures, according to a committee email statement.


Pelosi Wants Special Virus Committee: Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said yesterday her chamber will create a special committee to oversee the government’s response to the pandemic, including how the $2 trillion from last week’s stimulus plan is spent. Pelosi told reporters yesterday the bipartisan committee, to be led by House Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-S.C.), will also aim to make sure that efforts are based on science and to protect against price gouging of essential materials in the broader economy. Billy House and Erik Wasson have more.


Trump to Get Pressure on Tariffs in Meeting With Oil Industry: Trump will meet with titans of the oil industry today who are battling among themselves over whether he should slap tariffs on Saudi crude to get the kingdom to reduce its output.

It’s an idea championed by Oklahoma oil man Harold Hamm, a Trump confidant on energy who will be part of the meeting today, as well as some Republican senators who say tariffs could help the president win concessions from Saudi Arabia and stabilize the global crude market.

Tariffs are also a weapon of choice for the president, who has wielded it against China, foreign steel producers and during trade negotiations with Mexico and Canada. Within the oil industry, the idea has exposed deep rifts, with refiners firmly opposed.

“If they were to go down this route it would probably result in some refineries shutting down completely,” said Chet Thompson, head of the industry’s top trade group, the American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers.

Trump has indicated he already has a plan in mind for helping oil companies he says are being “ravaged” by a price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia. He said he knows what to do to solve the problem, though he declined to reveal the strategy other than to say it’s “tough” and “I’d rather not do that.”

Instead, the president said, he hoped the Russians and Saudis would strike an agreement to cut production. Read more from Jennifer A. Dlouhy and Stephen Cunningham.

Trump will likely also face a bitterly divided oil industry when he meets with energy executives to discuss the perilous state of world crude markets and the threat to U.S. shale fields, Kevin Crowley, Rachel Adams-Heard and Jennifer A. Dlouhy report.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said energy companies squeezed by the oil-price war can turn to the Federal Reserve’s lending facilities for aid but won’t get direct loans from his department. “I have very limited ability to do direct loans out of the Treasury,” he said yesterday at a White House news conference, Saleha Mohsin reports.


Checks May Not Arrive Till Fall: Some people counting on $1,200 stimulus checks from the government may not see the money until mid-September, according to a House Ways and Means Committee analysis. The IRS will begin making about 60 million direct deposit payments in mid-April to the people who have bank account information on file with the agency, according to the analysis sent to lawmakers on Wednesday. Those payments will take about three weeks to process. The IRS then will begin putting paper checks in the mail in early May. The IRS will send approximately 100 million checks at a rate of 5 million per week, which could take 20 weeks, according to the committee’s document. Read more from Laura Davison.

Still, Mnuchin said yesterday that some checks for individuals under the stimulus will begin showing up in bank accounts within two weeks. “You’ll get the money,” Mnuchin said at a coronavirus briefing at the White House. The original plan was for payments to be arriving in three weeks, Justin Sink and Mario Parker report.

Meanwhile, the IRS is already warning bad actors may target the checks with the same tricks used to steal tax refunds, reports David Hood.

Retail Furloughs to Pass 1 Million: Retailers have furloughed nearly 1 million workers this week amid an unprecedented shutdown of shopping in America, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Neiman Marcus to Ross are among the latest major chains to announce they’re halting pay for their workers while maintaining benefits. Nonessential retail stores are closed across much of the U.S. in a bid to halt the spread of coronavirus. The total of furloughed workers now stands at about 900,000. Read more from Kim Bhasin.


Mnuchin Announces Bankers for Virus Aid: The Treasury Department has retained several Wall Street banks to assist with loans to three industries during the coronavirus crisis. PJT Partners will handle loans to airlines, while Perella Weinberg Partners will assist companies involved in national security, Mnuchin said yesterday at a White House briefing. Boeing will be receiving aid on national security grounds. Moelis will work with companies in the cargo industry, Justin Sink, Mario Parker and Saleha Mohsin report.


Virus Aid to Mortgage Servicers: U.S. regulators are holding off on helping mortgage servicing firms that could be hit with a surge of missed payments from borrowers hurt by the crisis, according to people familiar with the matter. Mortgage servicers, companies that collect home-loan payments and distribute them to investors, want the Fed and Treasury to use money from the stimulus to help them deal with a liquidity crisis industry groups say could drive many firms out of business. But members of the Financial Stability Oversig ht Council have discussed holding off on setting up such a program. Read more from Elizabeth Dexheimer and Saleha Mohsin.


Farm Groups Fight for Access to Loans: American farm groups are fighting for access to a small business disaster loan program expanded in response to the outbreak, arguing they’re being unfairly excluded. The American Farm Bureau Federation and 30 other agricultural organizations wrote the Small Business Administration objecting to a prohibition on the application form for Economic Injury Disaster Loans barring farms and most other agricultural businesses from participating. Read more from Mike Dorning.

Research Efforts, Testing and Treatments

Next Virus  Hot Spots Seen as Michigan, Connecticut and Indiana: The rate of positive coronavirus tests suggests that the next “hot spots” could include Michigan, Connecticut, Indiana, Georgia and Illinois, said White House virus task-force coordinator Deborah Birx.

“We do have two states that have 35 percent positives. and that’s New York and New Jersey. so that confirms very clearly that that’s a very clear and an important hot zone.” Birx told reporters at a White House briefing on Thursday evening. Louisiana’s positive test rate is 26%.

“Michigan, Connecticut, Indiana, Georgia, Illinois — that should tell you where the next hot sports are coming — are at 15% test positive,” she added. “And then Colorado, D.C., Rhode Island and Massachusetts are at 13%.”

More than 242,000 people in the U.S. have tested positive for the virus and more than 5,800 have died, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University.


Trump Attacks 3M While U.S. Pushes Mask, Ventilator Makers: Trump attacked 3M over unspecified problems with its production of protective masks on the same day that his administration issued an order under the Defense Production Act to speed production of ventilators and masks for coronavirus patients. The president said at a White House news conference yesterday he signed an “element of the act against 3M” that allows the Federal Emergency Management Agency to obtain as many N95 respirators as it needs from the company. Trump earlier yesterday signed a n executive order directing the Department of Health and Human Services to ensure that a half dozen companies, including General Electric, obtain needed supplies to produce ventilators.

Meanwhile New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said yesterday the state would run out of ventilators in six days at the current rate. Trump said at the White House later that “thousands” of ventilators are in production. But he faulted states for failing to stockpile them, deflecting criticism of his administration. Read more from Jordan Fabian.

Trump said New York state would have been better prepared for the coronavirus outbreak if Sen. Schumer hadn’t been distracted by impeachment, in an unusual rebuttal letter prompted by the Senate minority leader’s criticism of the administration’s handling of the outbreak. The spat conducted via TV interviews and letters shows two of the most powerful politicians in the U.S. trying to score political points as the nation faces a serious health and economic crisis. Trump was acquitted by the Senat e on Feb. 5. He downplayed the threat from the virus for weeks afterward. Read more from Justin Sink.

FEMA to Be in Charge of Stockpile: The Trump administration is expected to put the Federal Emergency Management Agency in charge of obtaining medical supplies like masks and gloves for the Strategic National Stockpile, including deciding who gets federal contracts, according to two people familiar with the discussions. The method that the White House is looking to use is an “interagency agreement” in which one federal agency does work for another. Typically, such arrangements are used when one agency lacks a certain capability. Read more from Shira Stein.


White House Mask Guidance: The White House is likely to recommend that people living in areas hardest hit by the coronavirus cover their faces when in public, according to a person familiar with the matter, as new research shows that the pathogen may hang in the air after people sneeze, cough and even talk. The White House won’t urge Americans to purchase commercial medical-grade masks, which are in short supply at hospitals. The recommendation by the CDC would apply to areas with high levels of community transmission of coronavirus, the person said. Read more from Jennifer Jacobs and Michelle Fay Cortez.

Michigan, Connecticut Seen as Next Hot Spots: The rate of positive coronavirus tests suggests that the next “hot spots” could include Michigan, Connecticut, Indiana, Georgia and Illinois, said White House virus task-force coordinator Deborah Birx. “We do have two states that have 35% positives. And that’s New York and New Jersey. So that confirms very clearly that that’s a very clear and an important hot zone.” Birx told reporters at a White House briefing. Louisiana’s positive test rate is 26%. Read more from Jennifer Jacobs and Jordan Fabian.


Crackdown on Virus Scams: The Justice Department and FBI in recent weeks have been investigating and prosecuting a string of fraudulent activity related to the coronavirus. As states, local governments and hospitals struggle to find and obtain critical medical equipment, a cottage industry has emerged of criminals and hackers seeking to scam and profit off the burgeoning crisis, reports Chris Strohm.


Virus ‘Death Ship’ Finally Docks: After being stranded at sea for three weeks, passengers on a Carnival cruise ship that was refused entry by multiple countries started disembarking in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. — but not all will be allowed to end a nightmare trip that left four dead and nine infected with coronavirus. Holland America Line’s Zaandam arrived at the port yesterday as emergency medical personnel waited to carry away the most seriously ill for treatment. The Rotterdam, a sister ship that came to the aid of the Zaandam and took on some of its healthy passengers, was also allowed to disembark. Read more from K. Oanh Ha and Jonathan Levin.


Self-Driving Coronavirus Testing Cars: A Florida transit authority is using self-driving shuttles to deliver coronavirus tests from a testing site to a lab, protecting medical staff from more exposure to the disease. The shuttles are driving along a route with no pedestrians or traffic, the Jacksonville Transit Authority said in a statement. The agency has been testing the technology since 2017 to replace their monorail system, and has repurposed them to transport tests.


White House Likely to Urge Face Cover: The White House is likely to recommend that people living in areas hardest hit by the coronavirus cover their faces in public, according to a person familiar with the matter, as new research shows that the pathogen may hang in the air after people sneeze, cough or even talk. The administration won’t urge Americans to buy commercial medical-grade masks, which are in short supply at hospitals. The recommendation from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention would apply to areas with hi gh levels of community transmission of the virus, the person said.

Officials in New York City, the epicenter of the outbreak in the U.S., and in California’s Bay Area yesterday told residents they should cover their faces when they are outside. Read more from Jennifer Jacobs and Michelle Fay Cortez.


Demand for Gear Outstrips FEMA’s Supply: A surging demand for protective equipment such as masks, gloves, face shields and even body bags from states to help deal with the pandemic far outstrips the federal government’s ability to respond, according to documents released by the House Oversight and Reform Committee yesterday. Five states and D.C., composing a regional group for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, asked for 5 million masks but got less than 500,000 by the end of March, documents show.

Masks are in high demand and short supply. FEMA officials told the committee on an April 1 call that trying to purchase face masks on the open market would be like “chasing rabbits in an open field,” because many domestic suppliers are not able to locate available supplies, according to a readout of the call from the oversight committee. FEMA also told members that the majority of the 100,000 ventilators Trump vowed will not be available until at least late June. Read more from Daniel Flatley.

The Strategic National Stockpile holds 9,500 ventilators and federal officials expect about 3,200 more in the next two weeks, according to a readout of a briefing by federal health and Federal Emergency Management Agency officials given to House Oversight staff. In comparison, New York state has about 2,200 in its state stockpile, Alex Ruoff and Jennifer Kay report.

At the same time, the administration is expected to put FEMA in charge of obtaining medical supplies like masks and gloves for the Strategic National Stockpile, including deciding who gets federal contracts, according to two people familiar with the discussions. The method that the White House is looking to use is an “interagency agreement” in which one federal agency does work for another. Typically, such arrangements are used when one agency lacks a certain capability. Read more from Shira Stein.

Trump Speeds Up Ventilator Production: Trump issued an order under the Defense Production Act to speed production of ventilators after state officials raised alarms that supplies are inadequate for Covid-19 patients. Trump signed an executive order directing HHS to ensure supplies for General Electric, Hill-Rom Holdings, Medtronic, ResMed, Royal Philips, and Vyaire Medical. The order doesn’t name the suppliers to companies manufacturing the ventilators. Read more from Jordan Fabian.


FDA Urged to Ease Sanitizer Production: A bipartisan Senate group urged FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn in a letter yesterday to “remove another government roadblock hindering Americans’ response to the novel coronavirus pandemic” by lifting federal guidance that “effectively limits distillers to using denatured (non-food-grade) alcohol, despite the World Health Organization (WHO) recognizing the use of undenatured (food-grade) alcohol as an acceptable ingredient in hand sanitizer,” according to a statement from Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.), one of the letter’s authors. Read the letter here.


Other News Stories

Trump Campaign Bets on Approval Rating Boost: Trump’s daily coronavirus briefings are delivering the highest approval ratings of his presidency, but that bump is at risk of fading before the November election — especially as deaths mount and scrutiny of the government response intensifies. Trump’s average job approval rating hit an all-time high on Wednesday at 47.7%, according to RealClearPolitics. That’s a 3.6-point jump from 10 days ago and surpasses the previous record set in his first week in office.

But as the pandemic progresses along with the economic fallout that accompanies it, Trump is facing the greatest crisis of his presidency just seven months before the general election. The White House has positioned Trump as a “wartime” president fighting an invisible enemy he said was introduced by China. He was made visible daily at the podium in lieu of the rallies that have sustained him politically. Read more from Mario Parker and Gregory Korte.


Virus Lockdowns Are Reshaping Senate Fight: Near-total lockdowns across the U.S. have shaken up the race for control of the Senate, with vulnerable incumbents and their challengers ditching traditional campaigning and the coronavirus pandemic putting a focus on Democrats’ strongest issue — health care.

Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine) has switched from traditional campaign television spots on her record and promises for the future to ads like her most recent one featuring firefighters, doctors, police officers and restaurant workers making takeout meals. “They are the glue that holds us together, the real heroes of the coronavirus crisis, and we thank them,” she says in the ad.

Sen. Martha McSally (R-Ariz.), another of the most vulnerable GOP incumbents, has suspended traditional pitches for money. She is directing her donors to give instead to the Salvation Army for the next 15 days and is donating her monthly paycheck to virus relief. Read more from Steven T. Dennis and Laura Litvan.


Georgia Senator Dumped Travel Stock: Sen. Kelly Loeffler (R-Ga.) sold a total of $46,027 worth of stock in an online travel company in the day leading up to Trump’s announcement of a ban on most European travel to the U.S. Though the transactions were relatively small for Loeffler and her husband, the sales represented an about-face, as Loeffler, a Georgia Republican, had just days earlier purchased the shares. Last month, news reports about her sales and purchases of other stocks — after government briefings to Congress on the virus — caused a sti r, with critics questioning whether she was sufficiently focused on her constituents. Loeffler said outside finance professionals manage her portfolio and do so at arm’s length, Billy House and Greg Farrell report.


Judge Rejects Wisconsin Primary Delay: A federal judge refused to postpone Wisconsin’s presidential primary set for Tuesday, but extended the deadline for absentee voting by a week. The judge denied a request from state Democrats, including Gov. Tony Evers, and allied groups for Wisconsin to delay in-person voting in response to the pandemic. But the judge extended the deadline for requesting an absentee ballot until Friday and gave voters until the 13th to submit ballots. Read more from Jennifer Epstein.


Captain Ousted After Virus Memo: The captain of the USS Theodore Roosevelt was relieved of command after writing a memo pleading for help in addressing the pandemic on the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, which is now sidelined in Guam. Acting Navy Secretary Thomas Modly announced the decision yesterday at the Pentagon, criticizing the way Captain Brett Crozier expressed his concerns and saying the officer let the stress of the outbreak, which has affected more than 100 crew members, “overwhelm his ability to act professionally.”

The memo, which Navy leaders say was sent via unsecure email and distributed broadly outside the chain of command, “created a little bit of panic on the ship,” and “misrepresented the facts of what was going on the ship as well,” Modly said. “It raised alarm bells unnecessarily.” Democratic lawmakers blasted the removal. Read more from Roxana Tiron, Glen Carey, and Travis J. Tritten.


2-for-1 Regulations Order Survives: Trump’s executive order directing agencies to scrap two regulations for every new one they create has weathered another legal assault, as a federal court yesterday scrapped a challenge from California and other states. The U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that California, Oregon, and Minnesota lacked standing to challenge the directive because they couldn’t show it directly harmed them.

The states filed suit last year, noting specific regulatory moves they say were motivated by the order. But Judge Randolph D. Moss concluded “they have not shown that either the two-for-one rule or the annual cap caused the relevant agency to act or to decline to act.” Read more from Ellen M. Gilmer.


Border Wall Notches Court Loss: Two environmental groups can proceed with a lawsuit aimed at blocking construction on Trump’s promised border wall with Mexico, a federal judge ruled. The ruling by U.S. District Judge Trevor McFadden in Washington was largely a victory for the Center for Biological Diversity and the Rio Grande International Study Center, though several of the groups’ claims, including environmental ones, were thrown out. The judge also said they can’t sue Trump. Read more from Erik Larson.


Deutsche Asked for Payment Delay: The Trump Organization, the family business of the president, is in informal discussions with Deutsche Bank about delaying some loan payments, according to a person familiar with the matter. The global coronavirus pandemic has forced borrowers and lenders to discuss ways to honor debts while acknowledging the enormous pressure on company bottom lines. The talks were reported earlier by the New York Times. Read more from Matthew Leising.


EPA Extends ‘Secret Science’ Comment Period: The EPA is extending by one month the comment period for a supplement to its “secret science” rulemaking, granting a wish to environmentalists and congressional Democrats who had asked for an extension amid the coronavirus pandemic. The EPA’s April 2018 proposal would bar the agency from using scientific research that isn’t or can’t be made public, marking a change from its decades-old approach to using science in rulemaking, Stephen Lee reports.


How to Read Today’s U.S. Jobs Data: America’s once-robust labor market is collapsing faster than at any point in the last century. The details are about to start showing in the monthly jobs report. Nearly 10 million jobless claims have been filed in the past two weeks as government-mandated shutdowns to contain the coronavirus force companies large and small, and industries from restaurants to manufacturers, to close their doors.

Payrolls are forecast to decline in March for the first time since 2010 as the early impacts of the pandemic began moving through the economy. But the reference week for today’s data ended just before business closures, along with employee layoffs and furloughs, became more widespread, Reade Pickert and Max Reyes report. That means reports in the coming months will provide a more comprehensive and detailed picture of how the virus-containment measures are crippling the nation’s jobs engine.

Saudi Tanker Tracker: Saudi Arabia is ramping up exports in April as promised, with at least 30m bbl already loaded, putting the kingdom on course to ship 10m b/d a day at the current rate, tanker-tracking data compiled by Bloomberg show.

  • At least 17 supertankers and Suezmax vessels have loaded at Ras Tanura in the Persian Gulf and Yanbu on the Red Sea during April 1 through April 3 morning
    • Click here for PDF of vessel names, dates and destinations
    • NOTE: Estimates this early in the month paint a broad picture and may be revised considerably in the coming weeks, depending on developments
  • Another 25 vessels of similar sizes haven’t departed yet and are loading or waiting to load; includes a tanker taking on cargo from the Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait after restrictions were lifted this week
  • NOTE: Saudi Official Selling Prices for May are expected on April 5, revealing whether the kingdom will continue to offer crude at deep discounts. OPEC+ ministers due to hold a conference call Monday, and this might possibly delay Saudi OSPs
    • U.S. President Trump said he expects both Saudi Arabia and Russia to curb production, which would provide a respite to the price war
  • Observed exports for March revised higher to 7.6m b/d due to vessels that loaded late in the month; SAUDI TANKER TRACKER published March 31 had shown exports at 7.4m b/d
    • February exports were about 7m b/d
  • Comparing loadings during the first two and a half days of April with start of previous month does reveal an increase, as below:
    • April 1 through morning of April 3: 17 tankers
    • March 1 through March 2: 13 tankers
    • March 1 through March 3: 16 tankers
  • READ: Saudi Aramco Was Loading 15 Tankers With 18.8M Bbl Oil on March 30
  • READ: Saudis Plan Oil-Export Boost to 10.6M B/D On Lower Local Demand
  • See NI TANTRA for other tanker tracking stories


Self-Driving Car Guidance: Yesterday was the deadline for companies to comment on the Department of Transportation’s fourth round of autonomous vehicle guidance, released in January. The document lays out how more than 30 federal departments and agencies will promote unified federal rules on self-driving cars, but doesn’t give enforceable regulations. Here are some highlights from what companies said about the guidance:

  • Federal Land: Uber’s self-driving arm encouraged the Transportation Department to use federally-owned lands to test autonomous vehicles.
  • Safe Testing: Intel pitched a formula that can be used to verify a self-driving car is safe.
  • Data: State Farm urged the agency to create self-driving car data standards that insurers can use to determine liability. They also said that safety evaluation reports should be mandatory for autonomous car companies.

Today on the Hill


White House

  • 10:00 am – In-House Pool Call Time
  • 11:30 am – Trump receives his intelligence briefing
  • 3:00 pm – Trump participates in a roundtable with energy sector CEOs
  • 5:00 pm – Members of the Coronavirus Task Force hold a press briefing


  • On recess and scheduled to return April 20th
  • Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) and Senate Finance Committee Ranking Member Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) will hold a press call at 9:15 a.m. on the Trump administration’s distribution of unemployment benefits.


  • On recess

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